Monday, September 19, 2011

Ethiopian burned alive in Tripoli is a true victim of Ethiopian Zenawi's modern slave trade

Muammar Qaddafi, the Libyan chief of state, at...

An Ethiopian Girl burned live by the wife of Qaddafi's son in Tripoli. Since the coming of the dictatorial regime of Melese Zenawie thousands of Ethiopian women are sold as an export in the Arabic countries to the benefit of Melese Zenawie himself. When a nation is destroyed its mothers are disgraced as that of Ethiopian ladies. Shewyage is not an exception many have been victimized in Gulf countries. The worst is done in Lebanon not only disgraced but thrown out of windows from high buildings. However most of the victims tried to cover up the main case of the burning in fear of retribution in most cases the incident are due to a jealous Arab women suspecting her a relation with her husband or just a simple suspicious.

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Friday, September 16, 2011

Futuh Al-Habasa: The Conquest of Abyssinia ( Sihab ad-Din Ahmad bin Abd al-Qader bin Salem bin Utman )

Futuh Al-Habasa: The Conquest of Abyssinia$34.95

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by Sihab ad-Din Ahmad bin Abd al-Qader bin Salem bin Utman
Translated by Paul Lester Stenhouse with annotations by Richard Pankhurst
Format: paperback; 417pp; map
ISBN: 0-9723172-4-4
Futuh Al-Habasa: The Conquest of Abyssinia
About the Book
Sihab ad-Din Ahmad bin ‘Abd al-Qader’s account of the early sixteenth century Jihad, or holywar, in Ethiopia, of Imam Ahmad bin Ibrahim, better known as Ahmad Gran, or the Left handed, is an historical classic. The Yamani author was an eyewitness of several of the battles he describes, and is an invaluable source. His book, which is full of human, and at times tragic, drama, makes a major contribution to our knowledge of a crucially important period in the hisoty of Ethiopia and Horn of Africa.
‘Futuh al-Habasa,’ or ‘Conquest of Abyssinia’ - which undoubtedly reflects the situation as it seemed to its Yamani author at the time of its composition. The forces of Imam Ahmad bin Ibrahim had occupied the greater part of Ethiopia. The resistance of Emperor Lebna Dengel had virtually come to an end, and many Christians had chosen to convert to Islam. The victorious Imam’s regime seemed there to stay.
This was, however, far from the end of the story. The Imam was killed in battle on February 21, 1543, whereupon his army almost immediately disintegrated. Those of his soldiers who could do so made their way back to the East. Not a few Muslim converts reverted to their former faith.
The Futuh thus refers to a relatively short, though crucially important, period in Ethiopia’s long history. The book is nevertheless valuable, in that its author was an eye-witness of many of the events he describes, and writes, as far as we can judge, with a degree of objectivity rare for his time.

.... What people are saying about this book ...

This book is the first ever complete English translation of the Arabic account on the campaigns of Imam Ahmad b. Ibrahim al-Ghazi (popularly known as Gran) as written by the Yemeni jurist, Shihab al-din Ahmad b. Abd al-Qadir b. Salim b. Uthman (also known as Arab Faqih)... it is a welcome addition to the rich corpus of Arabic literary and historical sources relevant to the sixteenth-century Ethiopia and the Horn. It is particularly useful for English-speaking researchers and established scholars who cannot read either the Arabic text or the authoritative French translation prepared by Rene Basset...both Stenhouse and Pankhurst, and the publisher, deserve high commendation, respectively, for producing such a valuable work that represents a major contribution to the history of Ethiopia and the Horn, and for making it available to the wider English-speaking readership and scholarship.

-- Hussein Ahmed. Hussein, the leading historian of Islam in Ethiopia, is a full professor of history in Addis Ababa University.

"In the history of conflict in Africa and beyond, "few stories of drama and human tragedy equal" Imama Ahmad's conquest of the Christian kingdom of Ethiopia (1529-1543). His short lived spectacular victories and determination to replace Christianity by Islam and the remarkable survival of Christianity in Ethiopia" is a story of epic proportions" which still generates strong emotion among both the Christian and the Muslim population of Ethiopia. In other words, Imam Ahmad's jihadic war besides being legendary was a major turning point...
This is truly a wonderful work, which is destined to remain an indispensable source for the history of Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa during the first half of the tumultuous sixteenth century. Anyone interested in understanding the intensity and brutality of religious war will be rewarded by reading this classic."

Mohammed Hassen is an Associate Professor of African history at Georgia State University in Atlanta. He is the author of The Oromo of Ethiopia: A History 1570-1860.

About the Editors

Paul Lester Stenhouse, is a Catholic priest, a member of the Congregation of the Missionaries of the Sacred Heart of Issoudun, France. He has spent all his priestly life as a journalist. A foundation member, and a member of the Council of the Societe d’Etudes Samaritaines, he has translated into English the Kitab al-Tarik of the 14th Century Samaritan Priest Abu l-Fath, and is the author of a number of monographs on Middle Arabic Grammar, and various aspects of Samaritan history, chronology and religion. He writes extensively on Middle Eastern politics and history. His special interest over the past twenty years has been Lebanon/Syria and the Balkans.

Richard Pankhurst, the founder and first Director of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies of Addis Ababa (formerly Haile Sellassie I) University, has lived in Ethiopia for over thirty years. He is currently Chair of the Society of Friends of the Institute, as well as a founder member of the Committee for the Return of the Aksum Obelisk and of AFROMET: the Association for the Return of Maqdala Ethiopian Treasures. His published writings include numerous monographs, among them An Introduction to the Economic History of Ethiopia (1961), Economic History of Ethiopia (1968). The History of Ethiopian Towns (1982, 1984), A Social History of Ethiopia (1990), An Introduction to the Medical History of Ethiopia(1990), and History of the Ethiopian Borderlands (1997). William Simpson’s Diary of a Journey to Abyssinia, 1868, which he edited in 2002, is also published by Tsehai Publishers.

Tuesday, September 13, 2011

The Standard | Online Edition :: Ethiopians usher in New Year 2004

Ethiopians usher in New Year 2004

Updated 7 hr(s) 46 min(s) ago

By Ferdinand Mwongela

In most parts of the world, people are already well into 2011 battling the inflation and economic dips that have characterised the world economy over the last few years.

In Kenya, we would probably talk about the terrible trend the shilling has had in year 2011 as we prepare for the General Election of 2012.

ENKUTATASH! A happy year indeed to this little one who joined other jolly Ethiopians to usher in year 2004 last Sunday. The Ethiopian calendar is about eight years behind what the rest of the world uses. However, the country uses both calendars to in running its affairs. Photos: Courtesy

Just north of our border though, in Ethiopia, we would be still in Mwai Kibaki’s first term as president and the 2007/2008 post -election debacle would at best be a disconnected academic discussion.

This is because Ethiopia is only three days into 2004!

It celebrated their 2004 New Year’s Eve with various festive activities last Sunday, almost eight years behind the rest of the world.

Unique calendar

The Ethiopian calendar, which falls seven to eight years behind the Gregorian calendar, is still observed in the Horn of Africa country.

The unique calendar has 13 months. The last month in the calendar comprises five or six days, depending on whether it is a leap year or not, with the last 12 months having 30 days.

Just like the New Year celebrations in other parts of the world, the festivities are elaborate and colourful.

For the Ethiopians who have just entered the year 2004, New Year celebrations are marked by several activities, which include slaughtering sheep and chicken for family meals, displaying fireworks in main squares and lighting wooden torches symbolising the sunshine after the three-month rainy season.

According to Xinhua, this year’s New Year’s Eve saw more Addis Ababa residents go out to celebrate with fireworks being displayed in grand squares where people were dancing and singing.

Mulugeta Ayene, who was among those who came to the capital’s Edna Square to celebrate, said the spirit of the Eve was fantastic and wished all Ethiopians a happy and prosperous year in 2004.

A father with two children at the same square also told Xinhua that the Eve was nice with a happy spirit.

Tarekegn and Paranso, two young boys from south Ethiopia vending small merchandise on a cart-driven shop in the metropolis said the new year festivities was bringing them good business as people bought more merchandise for the celebrations.

Prisoners released

The Ethiopian calendar, though disconnected from the Gregorian calendar, the internationally accepted civil calendar that we use, is recognised and marked by fanfare even by the government.

Reports show that the Ethiopian federal and a regional government announced release and pardon of over 8,000 inmates as the country marked its entry into the New Year — a common way of extending the celebratory mood to others in worse off situations.

The Ethiopian calendar, modelled on the Julian calendar, also serves as the liturgical calendar for some Christians in Eritrea. Its religious connection does not end there, however.

The Amharic word for the Ethiopian New Year is Enkutatash meaning the ‘gift of jewels’ after the gifts given to the Queen of Sheba by her chiefs when she returned from visiting King Solomon in Jerusalem.

It occurs on September 11 in the Gregorian calendar, except for leap years, when it occurs on September 12.

At this time, it is at the end of the big rains and the highlands turn gold with the yellow flowers.

Ethiopian children dance through the villages giving bouquets of flowers.

Ethiopians are, however, not the only ones using a different calendar from the Gregorian calendar with several cultures and religions using different calendars to guide their activities but the use is limited. For example, the Ibo people of West Africa have the Ibo calendar that has 13 months with seven weeks each, and four days in each week.

It is notable that visitors to Ethiopia will not be given receipts dated 2004. Official business is conducted in 2011, in tandem with the rest of the world.

Happy New Year 2004 Ethiopia!

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Prof. Muse Tegegne has lectured sociology Change &  Liberation  in Europe, Africa and Americas. He has obtained  Doctorat es Science from the University of Geneva.   A PhD in Developmental Studies & ND in Natural Therapies.  He wrote on the  problematic of  the Horn of  Africa extensively. He Speaks Amharic, Tigergna, Hebrew, English, French. He has a good comprehension of Arabic, Spanish and Italian.